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Rare metals will play an important role in Made in China 2025
Time:2017-09-20

The "Made in China 2025" issued by Premier Li Keqiang has fully deployed the strategy of manufacturing power. This is the implementation of China's power strategy for the first decade of the program of action. According to the plan, China will "three steps" to achieve the strategic goal of manufacturing power, of which the first step, that is, by 2025 into the ranks of manufacturing power. Planning for "smart manufacturing" as the main direction of manufacturing in China, and rare metals as "electronic metal" in the intelligent upgrade will play a key role.

What is intelligent manufacturing

Intelligent Manufacturing (IM) is a man-machine integrated intelligent system composed of intelligent machines and human experts that can carry out intelligent activities in the manufacturing process, such as analysis, reasoning, judgment, conception and decision making. Through human and intelligent machine cooperation, can be expanded, extended and partially replace the human experts in the manufacturing process of mental work. Smart Manufacturing updates the concept of manufacturing automation, extending it to flexibility, intelligence and a high degree of integration. In other words, intelligent manufacturing can be intelligent through the production process to improve product accuracy, breaking the core parts of the production technology, improve the production of high-end products production capacity.

The elements of intelligent manufacturing include the demand for talent and equipment, and the demand for equipment is the most important. Intelligent equipment requires information transmission terminal with the feeling can replace people, even beyond the people's sense of sensitivity. This requires a special function of the material, and metal and semiconductor is the preferred material.

The rare metal in intelligent manufacturing

Among the rare metals, indium, germanium, gallium, tungsten, bismuth, cobalt, antimony, vanadium, rhodium, selenium, tellurium and various rare earth materials have special functions, thus satisfying the demand for intelligent manufacturing equipment and intelligent living facilities. For example, the metal indium with conductive transparent characteristics, is the production of LED liquid crystal display of the ideal material, the past two years in the touch panel has played a huge function. For the pursuit of more convenient, more comfortable customer experience for young people, a variety of transparent touch glass will become an important part of production. The preferred copper indium gallium selenium solar cell is also based on the good conductivity and light transmission of indium material. This kind of photovoltaic thin film battery has its remarkable production cost, such as low production cost, low pollution, no fading, low light performance and so on. 2025 "in the new energy applications in the huge part.

Rare metal germanium is the basis of intelligent manufacturing process of all things interconnection, and the future of intelligent city construction are high-speed and all things based on the transmission of the signal. Germanium has a high refractive index, low dispersion, easy processing, good mechanical strength, not moisture absorption, etc., and thus in the infrared and optical components become very attractive materials. Fiber grade germanium tetrachloride can be used for fiber production, mainly used to play fiber doping and photoelectric conversion, fiber with germanium about 30%. Ministry of Industry to invest 433 billion broadband transformation, to achieve "light into the copper back." In the realization of full coverage of the optical fiber network while improving the network signal transmission speed. Germanium will be used in intelligent manufacturing equipment and products for a variety of infrared sensors, thermal components manufacturing; in the aerospace and military aspects of infrared navigation as a key material, is to achieve the basis for manufacturing manufacturing.

These rare metals and rare earth materials have been widely used in a variety of intelligent devices. With the development of science and technology and the increase of human demand, the future application will be more extensive.

Green manufacturing and new energy also require rare metals

In 2014, three Japanese scientists won the Nobel Prize in Physics for inventing gallium nitride, and the rare metal gallium also entered the field of view. This energy-saving environmental protection lighting materials will be in the "Made in China 2025" to continue to play the role of green manufacturing. In addition, as an important future silicon chip upgrade alternative materials gallium arsenide application is also worth looking forward to.

High-end precision machine tool equipment is the production of high-precision parts of the necessary equipment, known as "industrial teeth," said the metal tungsten is the key elements of its alloy material. At present, China's various machine tools, tool production capacity and low level, the annual need to spend high-priced imports of foreign high-end machine tools and tools to meet the domestic production of aerospace and precision instruments and other production needs.

The role of rare metals in the intelligent manufacturing increasingly prominent, and the role of rare earth has also been pushed on the outlet. This is also the Chinese government in the WTO rare earth after the defeat of domestic rare earth resources to promote the integration, crack down on illegal mining, the total amount of mining control reasons.

Rare earth has "industrial gold", "industrial vitamins," said, with excellent physical properties such as optoelectronics, and other materials with different performance, variety of new materials, its very significant function is to significantly improve the quality of other products And performance. Not only the military aspects of the manufacture of killer elements of weapons, but also electronic, laser, nuclear industry, superconductivity and many other high-tech lubricants.

In the next decade of China's development, green manufacturing is the premise of all manufacturing and intellectual, and the production and application of new energy products will be put on an important agenda. Rare earth permanent magnet material can replace the previous petrochemical fuel for the development of new energy industry to provide power to ensure.

Resource security is increasingly attached to countries

Rare metals and rare earth resources are increasingly valued by countries, the United States as early as 80 years to develop a law for national strategic reserves; the EU issued "on the EU life-related raw materials", indium, germanium, tungsten, gallium, cobalt, Raw materials as a shortage of raw materials; Japan is rare metals and rare earth resources is extremely lack of countries, from the last century 70s has already started on the rare metals and rare earth materials, state purchasing and storage and private purchasing and storage; South Korea from 2006 will be rare metals And rare earth resources as a strategic resource to start the national purchasing and storage. In the world's major economies are proposed after the concept of industry 4.0, rare metals and rare earth and other raw materials supply security more sensitive. China has some advantages in terms of reserves of these scarce resources, but it is also the main area of future consumption. China's future development must ensure adequate supply of raw materials, which is "China made 2025" must consider the issue.